Turkey Historical Places

What are the historical places in Turkey? What are the historical sites, places and natural areas that should be visited on a tour of Turkey?

Turkey is the main point of trade with its geographical location, as well as being the main point of trade, as well as with its great history, it has a high rate of historical places. Turkey, which hosts historical places in almost every city with thousands of years of history, is the most preferred region for foreign and domestic tourist trips.

Almost every region of Turkey has remains from different civilisations and cultures. It is possible to find important details about Turkey's past in the regions where the Turkish nation has left many historical remains.

Turkey's historical sites in general extend to more points than one would think. However, if we look at the highlights of Turkey's historical points;

·         Pamukkale,

·         The ancient city of Ephesus,

·         Sumela monastery,

·         Cappadocia,

·         Mount Nemrut.

There will be important points such as. However, it should not be forgotten that there are important points in all 81 provinces and that Turkey has important details about its past.

So, from which regions is it best to start travelling to discover Turkey's riches? Here are the Turkish historical spots most favoured by foreign and domestic tourists.


Pamukkale is an important point not only for Turkey but also for the whole world. Pamukkale Travertines, declared as a world heritage site by Unesco, is a region under protection as well as having a high touristic visit.

Travertines, located at the point known as the valley of the Menderes River, harbours many pool-like puddles on it. The historical point, which stands out with its touristic photographs taken especially at sunrises and sunsets, is also rich in minerals.

Starting from 35 degrees Celsius and reaching up to 100 degrees Celsius, Pamukkale travertines provide both health benefits and a visual feast.

The travertines in Pamukkale provide high benefits to the body with the high rate of minerals and natural spring water flow.

·         It is good for heart diseases,

·         It is good for rheumatism pains,

·         Provides solution for skin disorders,

·         The digestive system is accelerated and its problems are solved with warm, natural and mineralised water,

·         It is good for circulatory systems and accelerates blood flow,

·         It also provides a solution for the problem of blood pressure by benefiting the important vessels.

Pamukkale, which is located at an important point in terms of historical places in Turkey, attracts attention not only with Travertines but also with the ancient city of Hierapolis.

Hierapolis, also known as the Holy City, provides an intense tourist flow for the Pamukkale region. The sacred city, which provides information about the nations that lived on Pamukkale in the past, has been damaged many times due to its location in the earthquake zone, but has been restored without loss.

Ephesus Ancient City

The ancient city of Ephesus, which attracts attention with its history dating back to the Neolithic Age, is located between Turkey's historical sites and has important historical returns.

It is rumoured that in the foundation of the ancient city of Ephesus, where the flow of local and foreign tourists is provided, there are traces of women who lived in the Neolithic period and called Amazon. According to the narrations, they played an important role in the establishment of the city and were also of great importance in determining its name.

Another name of the city of Ephesus is "Mother Goddess". It has been used as a living place for 9 thousand years after its foundation and has mediated the passing of many generations.

Ephesus, which was in an important position according to its period, still maintains its importance due to its location today. The region, also known as the harbour city, has played an important role in ensuring trade.

The ancient city of Ephesus is an important point to visit, but if we name the points to visit, it is a must when you go to the Ephesus region;

·         Temple of Artemis,

·         Library of Celsus,

·         Ancient theatre,

·         Church of Mary,

·         They sleep seven.

The regions should be visited.

Temple of Artemis

It is the first temple of the city made of marble and was built in 550 BC by the Lydian king of the period in the name of Artemis, known as the goddess in Greek mythology.

Library of Celsus

The Celsus Library, which is a mausoleum, is used as a library as well as a tomb. The building was built in 105 AD by his son on behalf of Celsus Polamaeanus, the governor of Asia at the time.

Ancient Theatre

The ancient theatre was built by Emperor Cladius during the Hellenistic period. It is known as the largest open-air theatre area of the current period, including the period.

Church of Mary

The church known as the church of Mary is located in Ephesus and is one of the first seven churches in the world with its construction in its period. Mary HZ. It is known as the place where Jesus was accepted as the mother of Jesus. It is of great importance for people of Christian faith.

The Seven Sleepers

It is claimed that more than seven points in the world are the cave of the seven sleepers, but the area allegedly located in the Ephesus region has been accepted by those who have Christian beliefs and is known as the cave of the seven sleepers.

Sumela Monastery

Sumela Monastery in Trabzon was opened and started to be used in 386 AD. This ancient point in our country has been taken under protection by UNESCO like Pamukkale Travertines.

Sümela Monastery, which is among the historical places in Turkey, is located in the foothills of Montenegro at the point known as Altındere Valley in the Maçka district of Trabzon. The monastery, which was built on rocky areas, has made great contributions to our country in terms of history and has been regularly restored to preserve its originality.

According to the beliefs and ruins, Sumela Monastery was home to a community of monks until the invasion of Husrev I after its construction. Its construction was started and completed by two rivals known to be from Trabzon. The construction, which was carried out by Barnabas and Sophronios, passed to the Byzantine Empire after the invasion.

Sumela Monastery takes its name from the tears of the Virgin Mary. Mother Mary, HZ. When she received the news during the crucifixion of Jesus, she burst into tears and turned the rock she was on into a cave with her tears. In the location of the cave formed, the Sumela Monastery is located today and takes its name from here.

The monastery was invaded many times over a period of time and was finally invaded by Russian forces.

As of 1923, the monastery was abandoned by the Russian forces with the population exchange between Turkey and Greece. After this period, the building, which remained in our country and was restored and preserved, started to become a popular spot that attracts tourists.

Although it seems to be open for tourists from the past to the present, Sümela Monastery was closed to touristic visits for a period. Today, it is the most preferred historical building for local and foreign touristic visits.


Cappadocia is among the historical places in Turkey and represents our country in the category of the best open-air museum. Cappadocia, which gives the feeling of looking at an endless painting at every step, has great returns to our country in terms of history.

Cappadocia, which is frequently preferred by local and foreign tourists, attracts attention with its structures intertwined with stones. The region, which started to be settled with carved models, offers the greatest information about life in the past.

Cappadocia region is constantly changing in terms of the season to be visited due to its structures. Although it is recommended to go in the spring, the Cappadocia region is also home to magnificent views when it is covered with snow in winter.

Cappadocia, which is famous for its balloon tours, is also the main haunt of tourists with many local dishes. The region, which is also rich in activities, offers a touristic trip where you can learn while having fun by hosting many activities such as pottery making and pottery making.

Mount Nemrut

In 1987 by UNESCO as a world heritage site seen and protected by Mount Nemrut Turkey has an important place in the list of historical sites.

Mount Nemrut, located in the Kahta district of Adıyaman, near the Kayadibi village, draws attention as the largest monument built by human hands. The region, which is 85 KM away from the city centre of Adıyaman, is also known as the most mysterious point.

According to historical research and information obtained, the main purpose of the large head sculptures on the top of Mount Nemrut was to gather all nations and religious beliefs together. According to what is known, the large statues on the top of Mount Nemrut represent the gods believed at that time.

The sculpture models obtained by processing limestone blocks cause many tourists from our country. According to what is known, the order for the construction of the statues in the region was given by Antiochous I. As the purpose of construction, it was aimed to gather all religions together and to represent the respect and love of Antiochous I to the gods.

Mount Nemrut, which creates a magnificent view for sunrise and sunset, especially due to the region where it is located, is an important point that must be visited on touristic trips.